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 21
March
Coffee Tourism
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Coffee Tourism in India


“To drink is human, to drink coffee is divine!” To Sipp endless cups of Coffee is now a passe the “in” thing is now is to head for those places where Coffee is grown and experience firsthand on living the life of a coffee planter. Coffee tours are the latest buzz in the Indian tourism scenario.


Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu are the three coffee growing states in India. Coffees, similar to wines, taste wise stands different from each other. The flavor essentially alters depends on number of factors like the soil and climate it grows in, the processing (wet vs dry)and, of course, the roasting method.


Among ther Coffee tourism hotspots Coorg referred to as the Scotland of India has taken the lead and can be undoubtedly declared as the coffee country of India, followed by Chikmagalur, Annamalai hills of Tamil Nadu, Munnar and new areas like Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.


Coffee Tourism Coorg

In the Coorg region Coffee tourism is spearheaded by Tata Coffee that offers plantation trails in this evergreen land. Old colonial Bungalows amid the idyllic coffee growing estates have been thoroughly spruced up and offered in two places namely Pollibetta and Glenlorna estates. Pollibetta just an hour’s drive from Madikari has coffee estates which are spread over an extensive area. A number of activities are offered to the tourists here apart from breathing the invigorating fresh air. A guided tour of the coffee making process tops the list of must dos at Pollibetta. Then there are the drives in open-top jeeps through the coffee-plantations with knowledgeable guides to understand the art of growing coffee. A casual stroll in the estates and interaction with the coffee planters are also extremely enjoyable. For golf enthusiasts, there is the Tata Coffee Golf Course to tee off your vacation in style. Glenlorna plantation trails are located about 30 km from the Pollibetta trail near Hudikeri. Incidentally Glenlorna is the sole tea estate in the coffee country of Coorg. The bungalow at this estate is perched on a hillock and gives a bird’s eye view of the lush green plantations. Here also a visit to the tea factory coupled with a guided tour of the coffee and tea plantations are offered to the tourists.

Other than Tatas many private home stays are also offered in and around Madikari, Gonikoppal et al.


Coffee Tourism Chikmagalur

Chikmagalur district along with Hassan of Karnataka are also among the prominent coffee growing areas. Along with Plantation Trail Bungalows of Tata Coffee, there are also many others providing accommodation amid expansive coffee estates.

A 2017 systematic review found that drinking coffee is generally safe within usual levels of intake, possibly excluding women during pregnancy and those having increased risk of bone fracture.[4] Results on clinical studies of coffee effects on health and disease were complicated by poor study quality, and differences in age, gender, health status, and serving size.


Health Benefits

In 2012, the National Institutes of Health–AARP Diet and Health Study analysed the relationship between coffee drinking and mortality. They found that higher coffee consumption was associated with lower risk of death, and that those who drank any coffee lived longer than those who did not. However the authors noted, "whether this was a causal or associational finding cannot be determined from our data." A 2014 meta-analysis found that coffee consumption (4 cups/day) was inversely associated with all-cause mortality (a 16% lower risk), as well as cardiovascular disease mortality specifically (a 21% lower risk from drinking 3 cups/day), but not with cancer mortality. Additional meta-analysis studies corroborated these findings, showing that higher coffee consumption (2–4 cups per day) was associated with a reduced risk of death by all disease causes.


Cardiovascular disease

Moderate coffee consumption is not a risk factor for coronary heart disease.A 2012 meta-analysis concluded that people who drank moderate amounts of coffee had a lower rate of heart failure, with the biggest effect found for those who drank more than four cups a day. A 2014 meta-analysis concluded that cardiovascular disease, such as coronary artery disease and stroke, is less likely with three to five cups of non-decaffeinated coffee per day, but more likely with over five cups per day. A 2016 meta-analysis showed that coffee consumption was associated with a reduced risk of death in patients who have had a myocardial infarction.

Drinking four or more cups of coffee per day does not affect the risk of hypertension compared to drinking little or no coffee; however, drinking one to three cups per day may be at a slightly increased risk.


Mental health

Long-term preliminary research, including assessment of symptoms for dementia and cognitive impairment, was inconclusive for coffee having an effect in the elderly, mainly due to the poor quality of the studies.Preliminary results indicate long-term coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of Parkinson's disease.


Type II diabetes

In a systematic review and meta-analysis of 28 prospective observational studies, representing over one million participants, every additional cup of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee consumed in a day was associated, respectively, with a 9% and 6% lower risk of type 2 diabetes.


Cancer

The effects of coffee consumption on cancer risk remain unclear, with reviews and meta-analyses showing either no relationship or a slightly lower risk of cancer onset. Studies suggest that coffee consumption of 2 cups per/day was associated with a 14% increased risk of developing lung cancer, but only among people who smoke.



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